Rules for Metal Detecting in Germany - Detect Metal Detectors
Rules for Metal Detecting in Germany

Rules for Metal Detecting in Germany

By: Detect metaaldetectors Comments: 0

Metal detecting is a hobby practiced by many people around the world. It can be fascinating to discover what lies beneath the ground and what historical artifacts are buried. If you plan to search with a metal detector in Germany, there are some rules you need to be aware of. In this article, we will discuss the main rules and restrictions applicable to metal detecting in Germany.

Metal Detecting Legislation in Germany

In Germany, the legislation on metal detecting is relatively strict and varied. It is regulated by different laws, depending on the location where you want to search. In principle, you always need permission from the landowner or authority before you start searching with a metal detector.

In some parts of Germany, 'Schutzzone 1' applies, meaning metal detecting in archaeologically important areas is strictly prohibited. In other parts of the country, 'Schutzzone 2' applies, where metal detecting is allowed, but only with permission from the landowner and authorities. In some cases, a permit is required to search with a metal detector in Germany.

You are not allowed to search in protected areas, such as parks, public places, or nature reserves. This is against the law and can lead to fines or even prison sentences.

Legislation by State

In Germany, the use of metal detectors and the search for archaeological finds are subject to different rules in each state. Each state has its own legislation and procedures regarding the protection of archaeological monuments and the powers of archaeological authorities and their cooperation with private searchers. Therefore, it is important to consult the regulations of the relevant state before starting to search for archaeological finds.

Read everything (in German) about legislation, permits, and how to report finds in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Metal Detecting in Fields and Forests

It is allowed to search with a metal detector in fields, but only with permission from the landowner. You must also ensure that the field is not classified as a protected area. It is forbidden to search in fields used for agriculture.

In the forest, the rules are slightly different. Here, you need permission from the forest manager. It is not allowed to search in protected forest areas. Also, you must consider that the forest is a vulnerable ecosystem and that you should not disturb nature.

Metal Detecting Near Historical Buildings

If you want to search near historical buildings, it is important to know that this is generally not allowed in Germany without permission from the authorities. This is to protect the cultural heritage and to prevent damage to the buildings. You should also consider the safety of the public, as historical buildings are sometimes public spaces.

Metal Detecting on Beaches and Along the Coast

In Germany, it is allowed to search on the beach and along the coastline, but this is only allowed in the low-tide zone. This is the area between the high-tide line and the low-tide line. Here too, you need permission from the local authorities and the owner of the beach or coastline. It is forbidden to search in protected areas such as nature reserves and archaeologically important sites.


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